History of the Douay Rheims Bible
How to Purchase this Software
General Notes and Troubleshooting
Questions and Support
History of the Douay Rheims Bible
This section contains excerpts from well-known Catholic sources on the history of the Douay-Rheims Bible.
The Holy Bible text in this software has been converted from the 1899 edition of the John Murphy Company, Baltimore, Maryland.
Although "Challoner Revision" may be the most accurate title for this version of the Holy Bible (see below), it was called, and continues to be called, "The Douay-Rheims Version". This software will be faithful to the 1899 edition and retain the title "Douay-Rheims Version".
The following is an excerpt from the 1914 Edition of The Catholic Encyclopedia :
The original Douay Version, which is the foundation on which nearly all English Catholic versions are still based, owed its existence to the religious controversies of the sixteenth century. Many Protestant versions of the Scriptures had been issued and were used largely by the Reformers for polemical purposes. The rendering of some of the texts showed evident signs of controversial bias, and it became of the first importance for the English Catholics of the day to be furnished with a translation of their own, on the accuracy of which they could depend and to which they could appeal in the course of argument. The work of preparing such a version was undertaken by the members of the English College at Douai, in Flanders, founded by William Allen (afterwards cardinal) in 1568. The chief share of the translating was borne by Dr. Gregory Martin, formerly of St. John's College, Oxford. His text was revised by Thomas Worthington, Richard Bristowe, John Reynolds, and Allen himself - all of them Oxford men. A series of notes was added, designed to answer the theological arguments of the Reformers; these were prepared by Allen, assisted by Bristowe and Worthington.
The object of the work was, of course, not limited to controversial purposes; in the case of the New Testament, especially, it was meant for pious use among Catholics. The fact, however, that the primary end was controversial explains the course adopted by the translators. In the first place they translated directly, not from the original Hebrew or Greek, but from the Latin Vulgate of St. Jerome. This had been declared authoritative for Catholics by the Council of Trent; but it was also commonly admitted that the text was purer than in any manuscripts at that time extant in the original languages. Then, also, in the translation, many technical words were retained bodily, such as pasch, parasceve, azymes, etc. In some instances, also, where it was found difficult or impossible to find a suitable English equivalent for a Latin word, the latter was retained in an anglicized form. Thus in Phil., ii, 8, we get "He exinanited himself", and in Heb., ix, 28, "Christ was offered once to exhaust the sins of many". It was considered that an ordinary reader, finding the word unintelligible, would pause and inquire its meaning, and that this was preferable to satisfying him with an inadequate rendering. In other cases latinisms seem to have crept in unawares, as in Luke, x, 1, "Our Lord designed also other seventy-two"; or in Phil., ii, 10, "In the name of Jesus, every knee bow of the celestials, terrestrials and infernals". The proper names are usually (though not always) taken from the Vulgate; but the word Dominus is rendered throughout Our Lord. The general result was a version in cumbersome English, so full of latinisms as to be in places hardly readable, but withal scholarly and accurate.
In the year 1578, owing to political troubles, the college was temporarily transferred from Douai (which was then in the dominions of the King of Spain) to Reims, and during its sojourn there, in 1582, the New Testament was published, and became consequently known as the "Rheims Testament". It contained no episcopal imprimatur, but a recommendation was appended signed by four divines of the University of Reims. The Old Testament was delayed by want of means, until the whole Bible was eventually published in two quarto volumes, in 1609 and 1610, by which time the college had returned to Douai, and the recommendation was signed by three doctors of that university. Thus the New Testament appeared nearly thirty years before the Anglican "Authorized Version", and although not officially mentioned as one of the versions to be consulted, it is now commonly recognized to have had a large influence on the King James Version (see Preface to Revised Version, i, 2; also, Carleton, "Rheims and the English Bible"). The Reims Testament was reprinted twice at Antwerp - in 1600 and 1621 - and a fourth edition was issued at Rouen in 1633. Then it was allowed to rest for over a century before a fifth edition appeared, with some slight changes, dated 1728, but without any place of publication stated. It is believed to have been printed in London and was edited by Dr. Challoner (afterwards bishop), and Father Blyth, a Carmelite. The Douay Bible was never after this printed abroad. A sixth edition of the Reims Testament was printed at Liverpool in 1788, and a seventh dated Dublin, 1803, which was the last Catholic edition. Several Protestant editions have appeared, the best known being a curious work by Rev. William Fulke, first published in 1589, with the Reims text and that of the Bishops' Bible in parallel columns. A Protestant edition of the Reims Testament was also brought out by Leavitt of New York, in 1834.
Although the Bibles in use at the present day by the Catholics of England and Ireland are popularly styled the Douay Version, they are most improperly so called; they are founded, with more or less alteration, on a series of revisions undertaken by Bishop Challoner in 1749-52. His object was to meet the practical want felt by the Catholics of his day of a Bible moderate in size and price, in readable English, and with notes more suitable to the time. He brought out three editions of the New Testament, in 1749, 1750, and 1752 respectively, and one of the Old Testament in 1750. The changes introduced by him were so considerable that, according to Cardinal Newman, they "almost amounted to a new translation". So also, Cardinal Wiseman wrote, "To call it any longer the Douay or Rheimish Version is an abuse of terms. It has been altered and modified until scarcely any verse remains as it was originally published." In nearly every case Challoner's changes took the form of approximating to the Authorized Version, though his three editions of the New Testament differ from one another in numerous passages.
The following two excerpts are from The Jerome Biblical Commentary :
DOUAY-RHEIMS (1582-1609). This was done by Gregory Martin, an Oxford-trained scholar, working in the circle of English Catholic exiles on the Continent, under the sponsorship of William (later Cardinal) Allen. The NT appeared at Rheims in 1582; the OT at Douay in 1609. The translation, although competent, exhibited a taste for Latinisms that was not uncommon in English writing of the time but has seemed excessive in the eyes of later generations. The NT influenced the AV.
CHALLONER REVISION (1749-63). The official Catholic version underwent revision a century earlier than its Protestant counterpart, the AV. Bishop Richard Challoner, coadjutor to the Vicar Apostolic of the London district, revised the NT in 1749 and 1752, and the OT in 1750 and 1763. This was a considerable revision, markedly modernizing the style. For two centuries the Challoner revision remained in almost universal use among English-speaking Catholics.
 The Catholic Encyclopedia, s.v. "Douay Bible", 5:140.
 Raymond Brown et al., eds., The Jerome Biblical Commentary (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1968), 69:168-169.
How to Purchase this Software
Download this software from http://www.htmlbible.com/downloadhtml/douaytalk.htm
The cost of this software is $5.00 US.
All checks or money orders should be sent to the following address:
johnhurt.comFor electronic payment, go to our webpage at www.johnhurt.com/payment/douaytalk.htm
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Please make a payment for this high quality software, as your payment:
- makes possible future software developments, and,
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(Matthew 10:10, 1st Corinthians 9:9, 1st Timothy 5:18).
The Douay Rheims Speaking Bible has been placed under copyright © 2001-2002 by johnhurt.com, and is protected by United States and International Copyright Laws. All Rights Reserved. Each copy you possess is licensed to you in accordance with our Licensing Agreement, and only if you have made a $5.00 payment for the software.
General Notes and Troubleshooting Notes for First Time Users!
You must have the appropriate Microsoft Speech Components installed on your machine to use the Douay Rheims Speaking Bible.
The Microsoft Corporation has signed a License Distribution Agreement with johnhurt.com to distribute these components.
By downloading and installing these components, you are indicating that you agree with the License Distribution Agreement, Acceptance and Disclaimer of Warranty, and Limitation of Liability, as referenced on our Microsoft Agent Speech Components page.
If you do not agree with our License Distribution Agreement, Acceptance and Disclaimer of Warranty, and Limitation of Liability, then you are not authorized to download and install these components.
Component Description Download From johnhurt.com MS Agent Core Component MSagent.exe
SAPI 4.0a Runtime Binaries spchapi.exe
MS Agent Character "Peedy" Peedy.exe
American English Text to Speech Engine tv_enua.exe
To manually install these Microsoft Agent components directly from Microsoft, go to the MS Agent Downloads Page at:
http://www.microsoft.com/msagent/downloads.htm.Automatic Download of Speech Components
- If you have not installed these components, the Douay Rheims Speaking Bible software will attempt to load the Microsoft Agent Voice components onto your computer via the Internet.
- You must be "online" with a connection to the Internet to allow the software to automatically download these files.
- You may have to press the "refresh" button on your browser more than once to get this automatic download to work.
- You will get a confirmation and licensing message from Microsoft about loading the Voice Components. Click "yes", and allow time for the download to occur.
Netscape or any browser other than Microsoft Internet Explorer may not work with this technology.
- Windows® 95, Windows 98, or Windows NT 4.0 (x86)
- Internet Explorer version 4.0 or later
(Netscape will not work.)
- A Pentium 100 MHz PC (or faster)
- At least 16 MB of RAM
- At least 661K free disk space for the Microsoft Agent components, 3.1 MB for Peedy and an additional 1.34 MB for the L&H TruVoice Text-To-Speech engine
- A Windows-compatible sound card
- A compatible set of speakers and microphone (recommended)
If your computer meets only the minimum of the above requirements, then the Voice Components will perform at their minimum, as well.
If "Peedy the Parrot" speaks very slowly, it could be the speed of your machine, or that your TruVoice component is not installed.
Advanced Character Options
To change the speaking speed, or balloon font for "Peedy" the speaking parrot, right-click on the parrot character, and select Advanced Character Options.
Please intend on purchasing this software before you ask for support.
Software support for the MS Agent technology is the responsibility of Microsoft.
Software support for this product, which uses MS Agent, is available from johnhurt.com through email at:
Questions and Support
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